Shin Shalom (Shalom Joseph Shapira) (1904-1990), was born in Parczew, Poland, to a Hassidic family. He received a religious and secular education in his grandfather`s Hassidic "court," which moved to Vienna in the wake of World War I. There he began to write poetry, at first in German and then solely in Hebrew. In 1922 some 30 members of his family immigrated to Jerusalem, where Shalom attended a teachers seminary. In 1926 he joined those members of his family who founded Kfar Hassidim and worked there as a teacher. From 1930 to 1931 he taught and studied in Nuremberg. He dedicated himself entirely to writing and literature from 1939 until his death.An author of both poetry and prose, Shalom received several literary awards and was president of the Hebrew Writers Association.